Highlights

  • A look at freedom fighters booked by the British under sedition
  • Centre has defended the law before the apex court
  • Supreme has put the execution of the law on hold

Latest news

Attention tea lovers! These are the most expensive teas in the world

Attention tea lovers! These are the most expensive teas in the world

Twitter India 'finally' compliance with govt's new IT rules

Twitter India 'finally' compliance with govt's new IT rules

Microwave oven-sized satellite heads to the Moon: why is it beginning of new era for space exploration

Microwave oven-sized satellite heads to the Moon: why is it beginning of new era for space exploration

Crypto crises in India continues; new TDS rule brings down trading volume

Crypto crises in India continues; new TDS rule brings down trading volume

'GodFather' teaser: Chiranjeevi looks magnificent in first look, movie to arrive in cinemas on Dusshera

'GodFather' teaser: Chiranjeevi looks magnificent in first look, movie to arrive in cinemas on Dusshera

Sedition law: freedom fighters who were booked under the draconian law

The first known case under the sedition law was registered in 1891.

As the Centre continues to defend Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the hearing on the constitutional validity of sedition law intensifies in the apex court.

The Supreme Court has questioned the need for the draconian law, which was brought in by the East India Company, even as India celebrated its 75th Independence anniversary.

Here's a look at the journey of the law in the Indian Constitution and the prominent freedom fighters who were booked under it.

The sedition law was drafted by British historian-politician Thomas Babington Macaulay in the year 1837.

However, the law did not make it to the IPC until 1870. The British Colonial government brought the section under IPC to muzzle the writings and speeches of India freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Lokmanya Tilak, Bhagat Singh and others.

The first known case under the sedition law was registered in 1891.
Jogendra Chandra Bose who was the then editor of newspaper named Bangobasi was booked for publishing an article criticizing the 'Age of Consent Bill'.

Two trials of Bal Gangadhar Tilak

The trial which reportedly changed the perception of Section 124A was that of Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1897.

The British government claimed that Tilak's speeches incited murder of two British officers in Pune.

Justice James Strachey, presiding over the case, broadened the scope of sedition law by equating 'disaffection' to 'disloyalty.'

Tilak was charged with sedition and spent one year in jail.

Strachey's interpretation led to the section being used repeatedly against nationalist leaders by the colonial government.

Tilak was charged again in 1908 for his seditious articles that provoked Khudiram Bose to use an explosive device that killed two English women.

Tilak failed to prove his innocence and had to subsequently spend six years in imprisonment.

Interestingly, the judge who announced Tilak’s sentence in the second trial, Justice DD Davar, had represented him in his first trial in 1897.

In 1921, at the height of Khilafat movement, Maulana Mohammad Ali, Maulana Shaukat Ali and Shri Shankaracharya were tried jointly at Karachi for sedition.

In 1922, Gandhi was arrested on charges of sedition in Bombay for taking part in protests against the colonial government.
He was sentenced to six years in prison but was released two years after his arrest due to medical reasons.

Gandhi even termed Section 124A as the prince among the political sections of the IPC designed to suppress the liberty of the citizens.

Incidentally, the sedition charge was abolished by the United Kingdom in 2010.

Up Next

Sedition law: freedom fighters who were booked under the draconian law

Sedition law: freedom fighters who were booked under the draconian law

Twitter India 'finally' compliance with govt's new IT rules

Twitter India 'finally' compliance with govt's new IT rules

Sidhu Moose Wala's teen shooter most desperate, fired 6 times: Delhi Police

Sidhu Moose Wala's teen shooter most desperate, fired 6 times: Delhi Police

Indian embassy writes to Canadian officials over 'disrespectful' depiction of Hindu gods

Indian embassy writes to Canadian officials over 'disrespectful' depiction of Hindu gods

Dressed as Zomato agent, man sends resume in pastry box. Find out what happened next

Dressed as Zomato agent, man sends resume in pastry box. Find out what happened next

Stunning photo from Hubble of a 'globular cluster' will leave you awestruck | Watch

Stunning photo from Hubble of a 'globular cluster' will leave you awestruck | Watch

More videos

Madhya Pradesh: tribal woman allegedly set ablaze over land dispute

Madhya Pradesh: tribal woman allegedly set ablaze over land dispute

WATCH: black balloons released near PM's chopper in Vijaywada

WATCH: black balloons released near PM's chopper in Vijaywada

Watch: humble fruit seller takes internet by storm

Watch: humble fruit seller takes internet by storm

NCW seeks action against Akhilesh Yadav for tweet on Nupur Sharma

NCW seeks action against Akhilesh Yadav for tweet on Nupur Sharma

Sidhu Moose Wala murder: one of the shooters arrested, Punjab Police uniforms recovered

Sidhu Moose Wala murder: one of the shooters arrested, Punjab Police uniforms recovered

'Would have sat at home if party had told me': Deputy CM Fadnavis

'Would have sat at home if party had told me': Deputy CM Fadnavis

Caught on cam: man attacks neighbours and their pet dog with iron pipe

Caught on cam: man attacks neighbours and their pet dog with iron pipe

Former Bihar MLA ordered 'honour killing' of his daughter, gave Rs 20 lakh to hitman

Former Bihar MLA ordered 'honour killing' of his daughter, gave Rs 20 lakh to hitman

Agnipath scheme: SC to hear pleas challenging Centre's move

Agnipath scheme: SC to hear pleas challenging Centre's move

Uddhav faction moves SC, challenges Speaker's order to replace Shiv Sena chief whip

Uddhav faction moves SC, challenges Speaker's order to replace Shiv Sena chief whip

Editorji Technologies Pvt. Ltd. © 2022 All Rights Reserved.