Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw was born on April 3, 1914, in Amritsar, India, to Parsi parents. He was one of four children.
Manekshaw joined the Indian Military Academy in 1932 and was commissioned into the British Indian Army's 12th Frontier Force Regiment.
Manekshaw served in the British Indian Army during World War II. During the Burma Campaign, he was injured in battle.
In 1961, Manekshaw led the Indian Army in Operation Vijay, which resulted in successful annexation of Goa, Daman, and Diu from Portuguese colonial.
Field Marshal Manekshaw played a crucial role as the Chief of the Army Staff during the 1971 Indo-Pak War.
Manekshaw was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal, the highest rank in the Indian Army, making him one of the only two officers to attain the rank.
He was known for his candid and straightforward approach to leadership and his concern for the welfare of his troops.
Field Marshal Manekshaw was often seen in his trademark bush hat, a style that became associated with him.
He retired from the Indian Army in 1973 and lived a quiet life in Coonoor, Tamil Nadu.
Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw passed away on June 27, 2008. He remains a legendary figure in Indian military history, celebrated for his leadership.