India has a rich history of trade across seas, and ports enable important economic activities to be carried out in coastal areas. In February 2019, the Union Cabinet approved the development of the Vadhavan port, which is predicted to become the 13th largest port nationwide. Currently, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) is the largest container port in India and the 28th largest globally. After construction, the government expects Vadhavan port to rank among the top 10 container ports in the world. Designed with a forecasted demand for containers to rise, there was a growing need to construct a new mega port to be able to satisfy the increased capacity requirements. Thinking ahead, it was decided that the port also needed to have the potential to handle the deep-draft ships. Since it is being built with the intention of being a satellite port for JNPT, the Vadhvan port is expected to cater to spill over traffic once JNPT’s expanded capacity of 10 million Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit (TEUs) is completely utilized. However, as Vadhavan is closer to South Gujarat and some parts of Madhya Pradesh than JNPT is, it is bound to attract some of the net traffic from these hinterlands well before JNPT reaches full capacity utilization. The proposed port can potentially be used as a gateway for the import and export of cargo to and from the Tarapur industrial area. The traffic for the Vadhavan port is predicted at around 15 million metric tonnes per annum (MTPA) in 2023, eventually rising to 254 MTPA in 2038.