The first ever comprehensive analysis of air pollution’s global impact on newborns has found that outdoor and indoor high particulate matter pollution contributed to the deaths of more than 1,16,000 infants in India, who did not survive their first month in 2019. The State of Global Air 2020 report stated that more than half of these deaths were associated with outdoor PM2.5 and others were linked to use of solid fuels such as charcoal, wood, and animal dung for cooking. Furthermore, air pollution tops as the largest risk factor for death among all health risks. India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal feature among the top 10 countries with the highest PM2.5 exposures in 2019. All of these countries experienced increases in outdoor PM2.5 levels between 2010 and 2019.