Bharat Ratna MS Swaminathan: know all about the 'green revolution'

By Editorji News Desk
Published on | Feb 09, 2024

Bharat Ratna

MS Swaminathan, 'father of the Green Revolution' in India will be honoured with the Bharat Ratna posthumously.

'Green Revolution'

It was a period that began in the 1960s during which agriculture in India was converted into a modern industrial system by the adoption of technology.

Changed country's status

This movement was a great success as it changed the country's status from a food-deficient economy to one of the world's leading agricultural nations.


Green Revolution began in 1967 and lasted till 1978. Major milestones in this undertaking were the development of a high-yielding variety of seeds.

Increased production of food grains

The Green Revolution resulted in a great increase in the production of food grains, especially wheat and rice.

Usage of chemicals began

The Green Revolution resulted in large-scale use of pesticides and synthetic nitrogen fertilisers for improved irrigation projects and crop varieties

Farming boost

MS Swaminathan in an interview said that use of HYV seeds, and fertilisers in regions of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, was a game changer.

Wheat production increased

Swaminathan said that in 1947, India produced 6 million tonnes of wheat a year. But during Green Revolution, wheat production was about 17 million t